This is how to enable Home Assistant’s SMS Integration Service using the Geetech Arduino GPRS Shield (based on the SIMCom SIM900 module) on a Raspberry PI 4 over serial communication. The host system is using Home Assistant Supervised which was deployed in docker.
Every operating system, has a way to mount file systems from devices or image files and include them in the file system. Under Linux the mount command instructs the operating system for an existing file system and associates it with a particular mount directory. Using the offset parameter of the mount command it’s possible to mount a Raspberry PI image to a directory and interact with it.
Thin Clients, are computers which are optimized to establish a remote connection to a server and run using the remote resources. Usually those systems are not meant to be used for intensive tasks or gaming and they are mostly found in office environments. In the following guide you will find out how to use a Raspberry PI to connect to a local Windows Computer using Microsoft’s RDP Protocol.
Every version of Microsoft Windows following the release of Windows XP includes a Remote Desktop Connection (RDC) client (mstsc.exe). The Remote Desktop Connection is accomplished through the Client using the Remote Desktop Protocol a proprietary Microsoft Protocol which provides a graphical interface to connect to another computer.
MAC Addresses are unique for each Network Interface Controller (NIC) and most often are not configurable. Taking advantage of this fact in combination with the Organizationally Unique Identifier(OUI), many Network scanners use the MAC Address in order to determine the manufacturer of a Network Device or even the device type. As you can read in RFC 7042:
48-bit MAC "addresses" are the most commonly used Ethernet interface identifiers. Those that are globally unique are also called EUI-48 identifiers. An EUI-48 is structured into an initial 3-octet OUI and an additional 3 octets assigned by the OUI holder or into a larger initial prefix assigned to an organization and a shorter sequence of additional bits so as to add up to 48 bits in total.
There are many tutorials explaining how to set up your Raspberry PI as a Serial Device. Almost all of those tutorials explain how to setup your Raspberry as a Serial Console, which will act similar to a SSH connection. The current tutorial takes a different approach. You will find out how to turn your Raspi to a Serial USB Gadget, and how to control what you redirect to the Gadget’s Serial port in order to be available to the machine it will connect to. Using socat, commands we will redirect Serial data received over IP to the Gadget Serial port or data from the on-board UART protocol to the Gadget port.
Serial over IP is the easiest solution for transferring Serial Protocol Data (either at TTL level, or RS232/RS485 Specifications) over long distances. Devices responsible for this type of conversion are often called Serial to Ethernet Converters.
How it works
The SOCKS protocol is being used to exchange packets between a server and a client through a Proxy server. Expanding the Remote Drone’s abilities, we can configure the "Middle Host" to act as a PROXY Server and redirect all of our requests to the "Remote Drone". With this configuration, all the traffic will be transferred through the "Remote Drone" and we will be able to access the remote network, or even the Internet through the remote’s Network ISP Modem.
ecoPrinter is an innovative device which can replace hard copies with no interaction file transferring, by implementing Android Beam and USB Printer Gadget functionality on a Raspberry PI Zero W.
Forget searching for Bluetooth devices or Wifi networks, enabling visibility, establishing a connection/pairing or setting up Wifi Direct, everything has become automated using (the unfortunately now deprecated) Android Beam. You just place your mobile device on the ecoPrinter while this is searching for a device (Red indication Light) and a few seconds later you can view the file on your mobile device as PDF. No matter if it is an image, document or a web-page, full backward compatibility is guaranteed because ecoPrinter appears as any other Printing device on your computer.
The main idea for this device is to reduce the amount of paper we use and also help users organize and keep their receipts, invoices, documents with the minimum amount of effort.
Reverse SSH Tunneling is the connection from the destination to the source instead of the default procedure which is the connection from the source to the destination. We can use this method to establish a connection to a remote network without knowing it’s external IP or making any changes to the network’s configuration. Unless a firewall restricts SSH traffic, the following guide using a Raspberry PI and an ENC28J60 module should be enough to establish a connection to the remote network by plugging the device to the remote network through ethernet.
One of the most effortless way for an intruder to gain access to a system is "Password Guessing". As we can read from the NIST Special Publication 800-118:
Guessing attacks can be mitigated rather easily by using a combination of two methods. First, ensure that
passwords are sufficiently complex so that attackers cannot readily guess them. It is particularly important
to change all default OS and application passwords; lists of default accounts and passwords are widely
available to attackers.
For the Raspbian (official Raspberry PI OS), the default credentials (username: pi, password: raspberry) are the same since the launch of the first device in February of 2012 so if you plan to use a Raspberry PI for any of your projects, the first thing to do is change those credentials. For increased security is even better if you completely remove or disable the default pi user.